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    如何在元宇宙里買房?

    如何在元宇宙里買房?

    MARCO QUIROZ-GUTIERREZ 2021年12月14日
    元宇宙是指互聯網上少數幾家構建的完整互動世界平臺,其中包括虛擬娛樂和商業。

    元宇宙里爭奪數字土地的步伐加速,也許大家都想知道如何才能參與。

    元宇宙是指互聯網上少數幾家構建的完整互動世界平臺,其中包括虛擬娛樂和商業。在Sandbox和Decentraland兩家最大的元宇宙平臺上,“土地”數量有限,而且兩家公司都表示,永遠不會增加土地面積。

    為了幫助對此感興趣的人,《財富》雜志深入挖掘,弄清了在元宇宙購置地產的細節。

    數字地塊是什么?

    決定在平臺投資數字地產之前,需要了解數字地塊的概念。

    多數平臺上,“土地”的地塊由構成元宇宙世界地圖的X和Y坐標表示。每個地塊都變成非同質化代幣(NFT),由平臺直接出售給消費者,或在二級市場出售,其中最受歡迎的二級平臺是OpenSea。一旦利用NFT購買地塊,銷售會記錄在給定平臺的區塊鏈上,購買者也會成為元宇宙里該地塊唯一所有者。

    但購買數字地塊之前,需要了解購買商品的實質,即虛擬世界里的無形空間。更重要的是,在元宇宙花錢也是押注元宇宙未來發展。

    如果元宇宙受歡迎程度繼續走高,平臺上地產價格可能上漲。但如果在某平臺互動的人數減少,或者某種加密貨幣價格下降,地產價格也可能下降。

    數字大概量級如何?

    OpenSea的數據顯示,截至12月8日,Decentraland地價最低約為3.087以太幣(Ether),相當于13675美元。根據OpenSea數據,12月8日早上Sandbox最便宜的地塊價值約2.968以太幣,約合13135美元。

    準備買地

    買土地之前,必須設置加密錢包。以太坊錢包MetaMask通常被用以購買元宇宙土地,目前已經被Sandbox、Decentraland和OpenSea所接受。設置MetaMask錢包時,要在手機上或通過谷歌Chrome瀏覽器擴展程序下載應用。下載MetaMask(或其他加密錢包)后,先創建密碼,還可能獲得之后用來驗證身份的密碼短語。一旦創建了加密錢包,就可以在Sandbox或Decentraland上開戶。請記住,投資某個元宇宙平臺之前先摸清情況很重要。

    有了錢包,就要將美元(或其他貨幣)兌換成加密貨幣??梢杂媒栌浛ɑ蛐庞每ㄔ贛etaMask谷歌Chrome瀏覽器擴展里方便地購買以太幣,也是購買地產最常用的加密貨幣。MetaMask將引導用戶到加密貨幣承兌商 Wyre或Transak完成購買。請記住,Wyre和Transak在美元兌換成以太坊(或其他類型的加密貨幣)時都會收取手續費。

    尋找合適的地產

    錢包里有了加密貨幣后,就可以開始在各平臺上尋找地產。Sandbox和Decentraland都直接出售土地,不過Sandbox上的土地為分批次發布,最近一次是在12月2日。MetaMetric Solutions的聯合創始人瑞安·鮑伊表示,由于需求量太大,經常幾秒鐘就搶購一空。

    他說:“今年早些時候,平臺每周都會發售,有時兩輪之間會間隔一個月,這就是他們推入市場的方式,借助熱潮銷售?!?/p>

    最好的選擇可能是在OpenSea之類二級市場上購買。在OpenSea上搜索“the Sandbox”,或者在OpenSea上搜索并導航到Decentraland頁面,就能找到大量待售土地。

    MetaMetric Solutions的聯合創始人查德·迪芬德費爾表示,如果選擇在二級市場購買,很重要一點尋找經核實的賣家。在OpenSea上,Sandbox和Decentraland已驗證的土地都有藍色標記,購買此類地產最安全。

    “誰都能偽造OpenSea、Sandbox或Decentraland土地合同。所以要核實一下,”迪芬德費爾說。

    請注意:在元宇宙平臺上可能很難找到理想的土地。如果愿意還可以聘請元宇宙經紀人或顧問幫忙尋找。NFT Property Group、MetaMetric Solutions和Metaverse Group等公司可以指派房地產顧問,幫助在特定位置搜索地塊,在Sandbox 或Decentraland找到最具價值的地塊。如果選擇自己購買土地,二級市場WeMeta的界面也非常簡單。

    “買入之前,考察環境做些研究很值得,因為人們掛牌出售時對提問并沒有限制,”鮑伊說。

    購買、持有或出售土地

    一旦找到想要的房產,通??梢猿鰞r或者直接購買。

    賣家同意后,土地將顯示在買方加密錢包里。鮑伊告訴《財富》雜志,為了確保安全,土地所有者將土地備份到硬件錢包里以防被盜很重要。

    迪芬德費爾表示:“硬件錢包實在太重要了,不管是推特(Twitter)還是其他平臺,經常能看到NFT、以太坊和各種數字資產被盜的故事,主要原因是很多人沒采取適當安全協議?!?/p>

    硬件錢包是指實體USB驅動器,從錢包中轉出資金或NFT時可以添加兩步驗證,確保土地不會遭到網絡釣魚攻擊。用戶還可以利用USB訪問土地,在額外保護下從全球任何一臺計算機安全地出售土地。

    用戶購買土地后會變成唯一的所有者,土地不再屬于所在的元宇宙平臺。用戶可在Sandbox或Decentraland中訪問數字地塊,并使用平臺提供的建筑基礎設施建造物品。也可以像在現實世界一樣雇傭開發者或建筑師,專業人士收取費用,然后前往土地上實現所有者的構想。

    如果購買地塊的平臺上價格上漲,可以在OpenSea轉售土地。也可以繼續持有,看看價格能漲到多高(記住,發布的地塊數量有限)。(財富中文網)

    譯者:梁宇

    審校:夏林

    元宇宙里爭奪數字土地的步伐加速,也許大家都想知道如何才能參與。

    元宇宙是指互聯網上少數幾家構建的完整互動世界平臺,其中包括虛擬娛樂和商業。在Sandbox和Decentraland兩家最大的元宇宙平臺上,“土地”數量有限,而且兩家公司都表示,永遠不會增加土地面積。

    為了幫助對此感興趣的人,《財富》雜志深入挖掘,弄清了在元宇宙購置地產的細節。

    數字地塊是什么?

    決定在平臺投資數字地產之前,需要了解數字地塊的概念。

    多數平臺上,“土地”的地塊由構成元宇宙世界地圖的X和Y坐標表示。每個地塊都變成非同質化代幣(NFT),由平臺直接出售給消費者,或在二級市場出售,其中最受歡迎的二級平臺是OpenSea。一旦利用NFT購買地塊,銷售會記錄在給定平臺的區塊鏈上,購買者也會成為元宇宙里該地塊唯一所有者。

    但購買數字地塊之前,需要了解購買商品的實質,即虛擬世界里的無形空間。更重要的是,在元宇宙花錢也是押注元宇宙未來發展。

    如果元宇宙受歡迎程度繼續走高,平臺上地產價格可能上漲。但如果在某平臺互動的人數減少,或者某種加密貨幣價格下降,地產價格也可能下降。

    數字大概量級如何?

    OpenSea的數據顯示,截至12月8日,Decentraland地價最低約為3.087以太幣(Ether),相當于13675美元。根據OpenSea數據,12月8日早上Sandbox最便宜的地塊價值約2.968以太幣,約合13135美元。

    準備買地

    買土地之前,必須設置加密錢包。以太坊錢包MetaMask通常被用以購買元宇宙土地,目前已經被Sandbox、Decentraland和OpenSea所接受。設置MetaMask錢包時,要在手機上或通過谷歌Chrome瀏覽器擴展程序下載應用。下載MetaMask(或其他加密錢包)后,先創建密碼,還可能獲得之后用來驗證身份的密碼短語。一旦創建了加密錢包,就可以在Sandbox或Decentraland上開戶。請記住,投資某個元宇宙平臺之前先摸清情況很重要。

    有了錢包,就要將美元(或其他貨幣)兌換成加密貨幣??梢杂媒栌浛ɑ蛐庞每ㄔ贛etaMask谷歌Chrome瀏覽器擴展里方便地購買以太幣,也是購買地產最常用的加密貨幣。MetaMask將引導用戶到加密貨幣承兌商 Wyre或Transak完成購買。請記住,Wyre和Transak在美元兌換成以太坊(或其他類型的加密貨幣)時都會收取手續費。

    尋找合適的地產

    錢包里有了加密貨幣后,就可以開始在各平臺上尋找地產。Sandbox和Decentraland都直接出售土地,不過Sandbox上的土地為分批次發布,最近一次是在12月2日。MetaMetric Solutions的聯合創始人瑞安·鮑伊表示,由于需求量太大,經常幾秒鐘就搶購一空。

    他說:“今年早些時候,平臺每周都會發售,有時兩輪之間會間隔一個月,這就是他們推入市場的方式,借助熱潮銷售?!?/p>

    最好的選擇可能是在OpenSea之類二級市場上購買。在OpenSea上搜索“the Sandbox”,或者在OpenSea上搜索并導航到Decentraland頁面,就能找到大量待售土地。

    MetaMetric Solutions的聯合創始人查德·迪芬德費爾表示,如果選擇在二級市場購買,很重要一點尋找經核實的賣家。在OpenSea上,Sandbox和Decentraland已驗證的土地都有藍色標記,購買此類地產最安全。

    “誰都能偽造OpenSea、Sandbox或Decentraland土地合同。所以要核實一下,”迪芬德費爾說。

    請注意:在元宇宙平臺上可能很難找到理想的土地。如果愿意還可以聘請元宇宙經紀人或顧問幫忙尋找。NFT Property Group、MetaMetric Solutions和Metaverse Group等公司可以指派房地產顧問,幫助在特定位置搜索地塊,在Sandbox 或Decentraland找到最具價值的地塊。如果選擇自己購買土地,二級市場WeMeta的界面也非常簡單。

    “買入之前,考察環境做些研究很值得,因為人們掛牌出售時對提問并沒有限制,”鮑伊說。

    購買、持有或出售土地

    一旦找到想要的房產,通??梢猿鰞r或者直接購買。

    賣家同意后,土地將顯示在買方加密錢包里。鮑伊告訴《財富》雜志,為了確保安全,土地所有者將土地備份到硬件錢包里以防被盜很重要。

    迪芬德費爾表示:“硬件錢包實在太重要了,不管是推特(Twitter)還是其他平臺,經常能看到NFT、以太坊和各種數字資產被盜的故事,主要原因是很多人沒采取適當安全協議?!?/p>

    硬件錢包是指實體USB驅動器,從錢包中轉出資金或NFT時可以添加兩步驗證,確保土地不會遭到網絡釣魚攻擊。用戶還可以利用USB訪問土地,在額外保護下從全球任何一臺計算機安全地出售土地。

    用戶購買土地后會變成唯一的所有者,土地不再屬于所在的元宇宙平臺。用戶可在Sandbox或Decentraland中訪問數字地塊,并使用平臺提供的建筑基礎設施建造物品。也可以像在現實世界一樣雇傭開發者或建筑師,專業人士收取費用,然后前往土地上實現所有者的構想。

    如果購買地塊的平臺上價格上漲,可以在OpenSea轉售土地。也可以繼續持有,看看價格能漲到多高(記住,發布的地塊數量有限)。(財富中文網)

    譯者:梁宇

    審校:夏林

    As the digital land grab accelerates in the metaverse, you may be wondering how you can get in on the action.

    The metaverse refers to a handful of platforms on the internet that have built interactive worlds complete with virtual entertainment and businesses. There are only a limited number of plots of “land” in the two biggest metaverse platforms, the Sandbox and Decentraland, and both companies have said that they will never create more.

    For those who are interested, Fortune dug into the nitty-gritty to figure out how to buy real estate in the metaverse.

    What is a digital plot?

    Before you decide to invest in digital real estate on any platform, you need to understand what a digital plot is.

    On most platforms, plots of “land” are represented by X and Y coordinates on a map that makes up the entirety of a metaverse world. Each plot is turned into an NFT, which is sold either directly by the platform to a consumer, or by a secondary marketplace, the most popular of which is OpenSea. Once you buy a plot through an NFT, your sale is recorded on the blockchain of the given platform, and you become the sole owner of that piece of land within the metaverse.

    But before you buy a digital plot of land, you need to come to terms with what it really is: an intangible space within a virtual world. And more important, buying into the metaverse is a bet on the future of the metaverse itself.

    If the metaverse continues to become more popular, the price of the properties on platforms could increase. But the price of land could also drop if fewer people interact with a particular platform, or the price of a certain cryptocurrency drops.

    What kinds of numbers are we talking about?

    The minimum price for land in Decentraland, as of Wednesday, was about 3.087 Ether, or the equivalent of $13,675, according to OpenSea. The cheapest piece of land in the Sandbox on Wednesday morning was worth about 2.968 Ether, according to OpenSea, or about $13,135.

    Preparing to buy land

    Before you buy land, you have to set up a crypto wallet. One wallet commonly used to buy land is called MetaMask, and it’s accepted by the Sandbox, Decentraland, and OpenSea. To set up a MetaMask wallet, you will need to download the app on your phone or via the Google Chrome browser extension. After you download MetaMask (or another kind of crypto wallet), you will be asked to create a password and will likely be given a secret phrase which you’ll use to verify your identity later on. Once you’ve created a crypto wallet you can use that wallet to open an account on the Sandbox or Decentraland. And remember, it’s important to explore a given metaverse platform before you invest in it.

    Once you get a wallet, you will need to exchange U.S. dollars (or whatever currency you’re using) for a cryptocurrency. You can easily buy Ether, the most commonly used crypto for land purchases, in the MetaMask Google Chrome extension using your debit or credit card. MetaMask will direct you to the crypto exchanges Wyre or Transak to complete the purchase. Keep in mind that both Wyre and Transak charge a processing fee for converting U.S. dollars to Ether (or other types of cryptocurrencies).

    Searching for the right property

    Once you have crypto in your wallet you can begin scouting properties on different platforms. The Sandbox and Decentraland both sell land directly, but on the Sandbox land is released by the company in waves, the most recent of which was on Dec. 2. Because of high demand, these waves often sell out in seconds, said Ryan Baue, cofounder of MetaMetric Solutions.

    “Earlier this year, they were doing them every week,” he said. “Sometimes there’s a month between waves, but that’s kind of how they get into the marketplace, is through those primary wave sales.”

    Your best bet may be to buy land on a secondary marketplace like OpenSea. Searching for “the Sandbox” on OpenSea or searching and navigating to the Decentraland page on OpenSea will bring up plenty of parcels that are for sale.

    Chad Diefenderfer, a cofounder of MetaMetric Solutions, said it’s important to look for verified sellers of land if you’re buying on a secondary marketplace. Verified land in the Sandbox and Decentraland will have a blue checkmark by the offering on OpenSea, and it’s the safest option for buying real estate.

    “Anyone can spin up fake OpenSea or Sandbox or Decentraland contracts. So just verify what you’re doing,” said Diefenderfer.

    Be warned: It may be difficult to find land exactly where you want to buy it within a metaverse platform. If you want, you can also hire a metaverse broker or consultant to help you search. Companies such as NFT Property Group, MetaMetric Solutions, and Metaverse Group can assign you a real estate consultant to help search for plots in specific locations, or find the best value plots in the Sandbox or Decentraland. The secondary marketplace WeMeta also offers a simple interface for buying land if you choose to do so on your own.

    “It really pays to look around and do your research before you buy anything because there’s no limit to what people can ask when they list these for sale,” Baue said.

    Buying, holding, or selling your land

    Once you’ve found the property you want you can usually put in a bid or buy it outright.

    Once the purchase is approved by the seller, the land will appear in your crypto wallet. For security, Baue told Fortune that it’s important for landowners to back up their land onto a hardware wallet to protect against theft.

    “I can’t emphasize enough the importance of a hardware wallet,” Diefenderfer said. “Twitter and various other places are just stacked with stories of people getting NFT, ETH, and various digital assets stolen from them because they’re not taking the proper safety protocols.”

    A hardware wallet is a physical USB drive that you can use to protect your land from phishing attempts by adding two-step verification for whenever funds or NFTs are transferred out of your wallet. You can also use the drive to access the land to sell it securely from any computer in the world with an extra layer of protection.

    After you buy your land you are the sole owner, not the metaverse platform it’s on. You can visit your digital plot in the Sandbox or Decentraland and build things with the platforms’ building infrastructure. You can also hire a developer or architect—just like in the physical world—who will come to your land and build out your vision for a fee.

    If the price of land increases on the platform where you bought your plot, you could also resell your land on OpenSea. Or you can hold on to it and see just how high the price will go (remember, only a limited number of plots will ever be released).

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